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    加工中心硬轨的优缺点介绍!
    2020-1-7 14:14:50

      硬道优势:

      Hard path advantages:

      1、能承受较大的载荷,适用于大型刀、大型饲料的粗加工机床。

      1. It can bear a large load, and is suitable for the roughing machine of large-scale knife and feed.

      2. 由于导轨接触面积大,机器运行更平稳,适用于振动要求较高的机床,如磨床。

      2. Due to the large contact area of the guide rail, the machine runs more smoothly, which is suitable for machines with high vibration requirements, such as grinding machines.

      硬赛道的缺点:

      Disadvantages of hard track:

      1、材料不均匀,因为一般是铸造成型的,所以材料容易产生出砂、气孔、气孔等铸造缺陷,如果在导轨表面存在这些缺陷,对导轨的使用寿命和机床精度都有非常不利的影响。

      1. The material is not uniform, because it is usually cast, so the material is easy to produce sand, air hole, air hole and other casting defects. If these defects exist on the surface of the guide rail, they will have a very adverse impact on the service life of the guide rail and the accuracy of the machine tool.

      2,处理困难,因为这种类型的导轨一般机床基础的重要组成部分,支柱,例如,工作台、滑鞍、等联系在一起,所以在加工的过程中,形状公差,厚超过需求,时效处理,淬火等治疗过程难以控制,导致部分加工质量不能满足装配的要求。

      2. It is difficult to deal with. Because the important parts of the general machine tool foundation of this type of guide rail, such as worktable, saddle, etc., are linked together, so in the process of processing, the shape tolerance and thickness exceed the demand, and the treatment process such as aging treatment and quenching are difficult to control, resulting in part of the processing quality can not meet the requirements of assembly.

      3,组装很困难,这个词的意思“装配”既是也要比赛,比赛的过程是一个技术和物理过程的结合,不是普通工人可以完成,相对数量需要技术、数控机床的整体精度相当掌握装配工人完成,同时还装有铲,扁平足,角尺,脚,千分表,刻度盘等。完成工具。

      3. Assembly is very difficult. The word "assembly" means both competition and competition. The process of competition is a combination of technology and physical process, which can not be completed by ordinary workers. The relative quantity requires the overall accuracy of technology and CNC machine tools to be mastered by assembly workers. At the same time, shovel, flatfoot, angle ruler, foot, dial indicator and dial are also installed. Complete the tool.

    琨鹏2.png

      4、寿命长,这只是相对而言,维护和使用的条件下相同,共同努力铁路的使用寿命小于铁路的使用寿命,和他们的运动方式有很大关系,铁路是滑动摩擦的操作,和铁路是滚动摩擦的操作,从摩擦,硬轨摩擦远远大于线轨摩擦,尤其是在润滑不足的情况下,是更硬的轨道摩擦。

      4. The service life is long, which is only relative. Under the same conditions of maintenance and use, the service life of joint efforts railway is less than the service life of railway, which has a lot to do with their movement mode. Railway is the operation of sliding friction, and railway is the operation of rolling friction. From friction, the hard rail friction is far greater than the line rail friction, especially in the case of insufficient lubrication, it is the harder rail friction.

      5,维护成本太高,很难跟踪维护难度和维护成本远远大于线跟踪维护,如果在芯片缺乏的情况下,可能会涉及到所有主要机床除以,新做淬火处理和加工,而且可能想把主要部分,线规铁路可以只要更换相应的行,基本上不会影响使用相关专业。

      5. The maintenance cost is too high, it is difficult to track the maintenance difficulty and the maintenance cost is far greater than the line tracking maintenance. If there is a lack of chips, it may involve all the main machine tools divided by, new quenching treatment and processing, and it may want to change the main part, the line gauge railway, as long as the corresponding line is replaced, basically it will not affect the use of relevant disciplines.

      6、机床运行速度低,硬轨因其运动方式而说承受的摩擦力太大,所以通常不能承受过快的运行速度,这与目前的加工理念相反。尤其是许多工厂工人没有相应的机床维修知识,大多数时间他们只知道机床的使用,在很大程度上忽视了机器保养,和维护机床轨道是非常重要的,一旦跟踪润滑不足,燃烧或磨损将导致轨道转换,这些都是致命的精密机床损坏。

      6. The machine tool runs at a low speed, and the hard rail bears too much friction due to its movement mode, so it usually can't bear too fast running speed, which is contrary to the current processing concept. In particular, many factory workers do not have the corresponding knowledge of machine tool maintenance, most of the time they only know the use of machine tools, to a large extent, they ignore the machine maintenance, and maintenance of machine tool track is very important. Once the tracking lubrication is insufficient, burning or wear will lead to track change, which are fatal damage to precision machine tools.